Of course, there are differences to the table before, so study that table carefully. OptiLingo is the app that can get you to German fluency fast. Attribute adjectives precede nouns or pronouns and take special endings determined by the gender, number, case and article of the nouns they modify. We’re here to help make the journey a bit easier. They can also be used by the adjectives. When you study German attributive adjective endings, you can’t escape cases because grammatical cases are an integral part of the German adjective use. And every time there is no case-ending in the words which precede the adjective, there has to be a case-ending. But, what happens when you’re comparing two nouns to each other? your life with the German adjective endings will be a lot easier. Nom -er -e -es. for students and teachers! Example: Tata Nano ist das billigste Auto der Welt Tata Nano is the cheapest car in the world. Irregular adjectives Accusative feminine and neutral: The possessive article (same like the definite article) keeps the basic form. Adjectival Pronouns in German. Many textbooks try to totally avoid any tables and treat the adjective and several accompanying words only incidentally, in the hope that the students practice and learn the rules of the German adjective endings more or less unconsciously. Or you’re declaring the superiority of one over all? These are “der”, “die”, or “das”. In German, these words share the same bases with possessive pronouns. with Mnemonics - Student of the 7th grade, German school Tenerife. Articles, pronouns and nouns have to be declined in the accusative. These declensions vary based on the noun’s case, gender, and plurality. The weak declension is used when: 1. the definite articles (der, die, das) or the pronouns: 1. dieser (this) 2. jener (that) 3. derjenige (that one) 4. derselbe (the same) 5. welcher (which) or declined indicators of quantity: 1. jeder (every) 2. mancher (some) 3. alle (all) come before the adjective and the adjective before the noun. The famous writer Mark Twain used to make fun of the phenomenon of German adjective endings. Neut. So, with these in your pocket, you can learn to speak exactly like them. Although grammar can be boring, this part of German is definitely not. These words and phrases are the same ones German locals use. German adjectives must always agree in quantity and gender with the nouns they modify. Here’s a fun and easy guide to German adjectives. Once you notice the parallel and the agreement of the letters n , e , s with den , die , das , it makes the process a little clearer. The adjective then has the so called, So, you don’t really have to learn a new table, because you already know the articles with their case-endings. Learning German adjective endings requires repetition and practice. Most of the time, when the adjective needs to be declined, it’s just ‘e’ after after … Superlative without 'am' A frequent concern is about when to use am in the superlative and when not to. Whether it’s the color of your hair or the size of your house, you need adjectives to talk about them. : Substantivized adjectives are nouns formed from adjectives, without their prefix or suffix. There are two types of descriptive adjectives in German: predicate and attribute. They are used to describe places, people and objects. In any of the following three cases, the adjectives take what is called the strong ending: Indefinite articles; Possessives; kein/keinen/keine; Strong Ending Table. Master the accusative case online with Lingolia’s complete declension tables. You can get a natural feel for how adjectives work in German by hearing them in real German sentences. The noun that is being possessed is 'purse'. mein-, dein-, sein-, etc.) Adjectives play an important role in sentences. First you need to select the correct possessive adjective, which in this sentence is 'my' and in German that is mein. German adjectives that come after the noun are not declined/inflected and often separated from the noun by a form of sein (to be) like: ist (is) if the noun is in a singular form or sind (are) if the noun is in the plural form. Main Takeaways. What is a substantivized adjective in German? But, you’ll actually learn them very quickly. To make sure you get the difference, have a look at the following table. For one-syllable adjectives, an umlaut is added, if applicable, as in the following: German Adjective Endings for Nouns with an indefinite Article. The adjective endings -en, -e, and -es correspond to the articles den, die, and das respectively (masc., fem., and neuter). Fem. In German it is possible to form nouns out of adjectives or verbs: these are the substantivized adjectives or verbs. In German, you need to conjugate an adjective to fit the noun. You know, that the definite article does not always precedes the noun, it can be another accompanying word or sometimes there isn’t even an accompanying word or article at all. Every time I had to teach German adjective endings I was really happy that I had already learned it naturally as a child; so, today I „just know“ how it works. Tables about comparison and declension of many German adjectives. Attribute adjectives aren’t the only ones you need to conjugate. organized as a table or list; calculated by means of a table (geology) tending to split into thin flat pieces, such as slate; Synonyms: Learn the most important German adjectives and learn how to use German adjectives in simple sentences. This is called weak declension because the case marker is not carried by the adjective but rather particle before it. If an adjective follows the possessive article, the adjective receives the following endings: Learn German with possessive determiner (mein…) *Adjectives that come after the following words are declined exactly the same as after the definite article: derselbe, dieser, jener, mancher, solcher, welcher, alle. must have declensions in order to use them! In the following, I’d like to show you a table with the most common irregular superlatives and comparatives. These case-endings are sometimes also used by other accompanying words, we call them then strong endings. However, as in French and other Indo-European languages (but not English), they are generally inflected when they come before a noun: they take an ending that depends on the gender and case of the noun phrase. They are also used by the demonstrative pronouns (dieser, dieses…), and often as well by the indefinite articles (ein, eine …) and sometimes by the possessive pronouns (mein, dein, sein…). Akk -en -e -es… I hope this list of 250 (or 300 of you downloaded the PDF) will help broaden your German vocabulary. Adjectives ending in d, t, or any s-sound (such as -s, -ss, -sch, -z, or -ß) must have an e inserted before the -ste. Nominative singular: The basic forms are mein, meine, mein / ein, eine, ein / kein, keine, kein. Attributive Adjective. When the nouns the adjective represents comes with an indefinite article, these are the endings you have to use. The big brown dog barked at me. Very often we, teachers, give our students simply 3 or 4 tables, which they have to learn by heart. In my FREE Video-Course "German Grammar for your Brain". Have a look here at 3 such tables for German adjective endings “to remember” and decide for yourself if it’s really possible to memorize something like that: Nobody is able to memorize this and to learn the German adjective endings this way. German adjective declension is really not that complicated most of the time, and I say that as a native English speaker for whom declension was once a totally alien concept. Strong endings always indicate the case! So, since the adjective describes the noun, the adjective has to fit all of these categories. So don't give up on your German learning dreams just because of some pesky grammar! From this arises the first of both the principles for the declension of the adjective: „Huh?“OK, that was a bit too abstract, so here’s an example for the …. >> Click here to download the table for FREE. Indefinite articles in German are all the variations of “ein-” (ein, eine, eines, einer, …). Examples of comparative adjectives and superlative adjectives in German would be: Like in English, most regular German adjectives are made comparative by adding the suffix “-er”. Moreover the relationships between the interrogative pronouns, the declension of the article and adjective and the personal pronoun are developed. German Adjective Endings Three Simple Rules of Declension Strong declension: The rule of … And then, there are additional declensions charts for determiners (which, like the charts for adjectives, also get over-categorized into … There are some exceptions for these rules, but the majority of adjectives can be made comparative in this way: German superlative adjectives are also somewhat similar to their English counterparts. As in the previous table, the German adjective endings are of orange color. Declensions also change depending on whether the noun appears with a definite or an indefinite article. Sooner or later, some tables are given all the same, – although most of the time they are very unmethodical. This chapter will deal with the possessive form of adjectives. Now, we will take a look at the German adjective endings for adjectives that describe nouns with indefinite articles. : Possessive adjectives are used to indicate possession or relationship. This questions brings us to the second principle, which helps us with the learning of German adjective endings: What does this mean exactly? Anna has done a really great job. ), or any ein-word with an ending (eine, einen, einem, keine, Here you have an overview of the most important German adjectives with English translations, accompanied by their When adding the -er, if the vowel in the adjective is an a, o, or u, you give it an umlaut (unless it is “au”). But who can memorize this? Adjectival possessive pronouns and “kein” (none) decline similarly to the article “ein”, they can be referred to as ein-words. Learning German Grammar That’s why it’s so important to master adjectives in German. (der, die, das …) Learn the two charts on this page well, and everything else you do in German will become a lot easier for you! This concept is very similar to the possessive pronouns. In English, these would be “good – better – best” or “late – later – latest”. Your Essential Guide to German Adjectives, German Dialects: Discover 8 Different Accents, 10 Major Differences Between German vs English, How German Immersion Works Outside of a Course. At the beginning of the intermediate level, it can happen that the textbooks simply provide 3 or 4 tables “to remember”. For students AND teachers of German grammar. The possessive adjective in the above sentence is meinen (my). A summary of some of the more common examples is provided below. So decide the noun's gender. And eventually, you'll develop a feeling for the right ending. The "hard" case endings are highlighted in yellow in these tables, and the “soft” adjective endings are underlined. These are the endings you need to use to conjugate attribute adjectives. The BBC has created an easy-to-use table of German adjective … That’s when you use comparative and superlative adjectives in German. a German family, German Grammar Worksheets You know that in German a noun always uses a certain case (nominative, dative, etc.). They can also be singular or plural. The accusative case follows certain verbs and prepositions. The possessive pronoun mein doesn’t always have a case-ending, for instance not in the nominative with a masculine noun: You’re guaranteed that you will learn this and many, many other problems of the German grammar, in a much easier way with the new standard work for the learning of German grammar:Learn German grammar with mnemonics –The Deutsch-Elfe® Package! If you really want to learn German grammar, I would like to recommend you to use creative learning aids for German as a foreign language. If the adjective is accompanied by a noun (the attributive form) am is not used. Pay attention to all the little details when conjugating German adjectives, it’s easy to overlook them. “Als” in the example is “than”. Attribute adjectives aren’t the only ones you need to conjugate. They include opposites (such as "groÃ " (big) and "klein" (small)), as well as comparative and superlative adjectives, which change the form or the stem of the words for the comparative and superlative forms. 1. Possessive adjectives are the words my, your, his, her, its, our and their. TYPE 1: Definite Articles "The nice man / woman / child / children" Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural NOM der nette Mann die … Continue reading → The conventional way to learn German adjective endings is with separate charts for strong, weak, and ‘mixed’ declensions (<– don’t even ask! Declension of German words. To form these words, you simply change the first letter into a capital letter and you add a definite and indefinite article. Students of German don’t want to simply learn the German adjective endings by heart, but they want to understand how it works. These base-words (e.g. There are eight possessive adjectives in German you should know: These exercises will help you practice the use of adjectives within a sentence. Adjectives are an important part of any language such as German. Summary. for students and teachers, © 2008 - 2016 by Peter Heinrich, easyDaF.de, When a German gets his hands on an adjective, he declines it, and keeps on, When this case-ending is not used by the accompanying word, it has to be used by the adjective. Learn why this pot will help you with this. Do you remember basic lesson No 4 Word „is“ in German? If we look closely, we see that you just add "-e" or "-en". German adjectives work just like English ones, except that they take on case endings when they come right before a noun: Der Hund ist groß und braun. Expressions for Sentence Building. Well, that´s what I think, at least :). It is used for the thing or person receiving the direct action of a verb. German adjectives. In German, only the first kind of construction is used, namely adding the -er ending, as in "schneller". Let’s take a look at a couple of examples of comparative and superlative German adjectives, and how the endings change according to the rules of grammar. Please keep reading, if you do not want to become just as desperate about it as he was …. And the textbooks most of the time don’t contain any better ideas. When you’re considering which possessive adjective to use and how to use it, there are three factors to bear in mind. His and Hers: 3 Steps to Nailing German Possessive Adjectives. from Neustadt, Germany, developed an excellent overview and allowed me to present it to you on my website. Discover German adjectives naturally by downloading OptiLingo! That’s exactly how OptiLingo teaches you German. According to the table above, certain adjectival pronouns also decline like the definite article “der”: all-, dies-, jed-, manch-, solch-, welch-. it’s dumb). It contains the list of the most common and useful German vocabulary. When in doubt, you can always just add an -e. German speakers will still understand you. And once you have understood, it’s very easy to learn that bit by heart – if you use a good memory technique …. As is English, there are many German adjectives with irregular comparative and superlative forms. Strong weak and mixed declension of German adjectives in three simple rules with tables. This topic is one of the most difficult of basic German grammar, and I have never known a student who hasn’t struggled with it. The general declension pattern is as shown in the following table: These are the endings the adjective receives when the noun it describes comes with a definite article. Each personal pronoun has an appropriate possessive adjective. Adjectives are the words you use to describe everything. Masc. She managed to integrate adjective and article declinations in only one table. I’m not surprised! The dog is big and brown. As we already know, German nouns can be masculine, feminine, or neuter. Know Which Adjective You Need. In German grammar the case is indicated by the definite article. Der groß e braun e Hund bellte mich an. ; A determiner is any der-word (der/das/die, dieser, jener etc. Additionally, you have to keep in mind that in German, in contrast to English, you can not put forms like more or most in front of your adjective to form a German superlative and comparative. Most superlatives are formed by adding the suffix -ste. According to the table above, certain adjectival pronouns also decline like the definite article “der”: all-, dies-, jed-, manch-, solch-, welch-.These are sometimes referred to as der-words. The table provides an overview of adjective endings for the declension\inflection of German attributive adjectives. To learn new German words painlessly, check out our e-book German Short Stories with Audio. Let’s have a look at an example with a noun with a possessive pronoun: „Mein Computer war sehr teuer.“ (My computer was very expensive). Then put your knowledge to the test in the free exercises. Apronus Home | Language | Learn German We use Google cookies to analyze traffic. In order to be able to apply what you will learn here about adjective endings, you need to know the Basic Chart of the forms of der/das/die and the ein-words, and you should be comfortable with the German case system (Nominative, Accusative, Dative, Genitive). German adjectives come before the noun, as in English, and (usually) are not capitalized. Decline more 130,000 German nouns, adjectives, articles and pronouns.You can look for all forms of the declination of German words in tables. German adjectives describe or modify a noun. Have a look here at 3 such tables for German adjective endings “to remember” and decide for yourself if it’s really possible to memorize something like that: Table 1: German adjective endings with the definite article. To show all declination forms, forms of comparison and the grammatical features, simply enter any noun or adjective in the input field of the declinator. What are possessive adjectives in German? if the adjective/adverb ends in -e, only an -r is added (leise => leiser).This is true even if the adjective is longer, as in "interessanter". These are sometimes referred to as der-words. They modify the subject and do not have a gendered ending. Adjectival Nouns in German: Because German adjective endings carry considerable information about case, gender, and number, the noun that they modify can sometimes seem redundant. But in German, things are a little bit complicated. Basic Chart of Forms of der/das/die, ein-words, Pronouns Click the link for a PDF of the “Basic Chart” (also including the two-way prepositions) that will print on one page!. In the video I explain, how the table works an how you can use it immediately in you German lessons. This way I finally understood the declension of the adjective! Predicate adjectives follow linking verbs like “to be” (sein, werden) or “to remain” (bleiben). German adjectives with all their potential endings, irregularities, and umlauts can seem daunting.
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